What is meant by translocation mastering biology?

What is meant by means of translocation? The ribosome slides one codon down the mRNA. Translocation is the method in which the ribosome slides down the mRNA so a new cycle of elongation can begin. Real or false. A tRNA with an anticodon complementary to the stop codon catalyzes the response through which translation is terminated.

Ribozymes are RNA molecules that operate as enzymes. A ribosome might be regarded as one huge ribozyme.

Additionally, which describes a promoter quizlet? (a) The promoter is a site at which basically RNA polymerase will bind. (b) The promoter is a nontranscribed place of a gene. (c) The promoter is a part of the RNA molecule itself. (d) The promoter is a site discovered on RNA polymerase.

One can also ask, what is intended by way of translocation?

Medical Definition of translocation 1 : transfer of portion of a chromosome to a different place particularly on a nonhomologous chromosome particularly : the alternate of components among nonhomologous chromosomes. 2 : a chromosome or portion of a chromosome that has gone through translocation.

What does a mutagen cause quizlet?

The huge ribosomal subunit binds to the small one. The start codon alerts the beginning of translation. What does a mutagen cause? bonding of the anticodon to the codon and the attachment of amino acids to tRNAs.

What does a mutagen cause?

Mutagens. Mutagens are chemicals or kinds of radiation (such as ultraviolet (UV) mild or X-rays) that cause irreversible and heritable changes (mutations) within the mobile genetic material, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA).

What is a ribozyme?

A ribozyme is a ribonucleic acid (RNA) enzyme that catalyzes a chemical reaction. The ribozyme catalyses particular reactions similarly to that of protein enzymes. Also referred to as catalytic RNA, ribozymes are discovered within the ribosome where they join amino acids together to form protein chains.

What is the process referred to as that converts the genetic?

Transcription is the process in which a DNA template is used for the manufacture of a number of kinds of RNA.

What is true approximately tRNA?

Transfer ribonucleic acid (tRNA) is a kind of RNA molecule that helps decode a messenger RNA (mRNA) series into a protein. When a tRNA acknowledges and binds to its corresponding codon within the ribosome, the tRNA transfers the proper amino acid to the end of the growing amino acid chain.

In what course are nucleic acids assembled?

Nucleic Acid Strands Grow within the 5′ → 3′ Path All RNA and DNA synthesis, the two cellular and viral, proceeds in a similar chemical direction: from the 5′ (phosphate) conclusion to the 3′ (hydroxyl) conclusion (see Determine 4-13). Nucleic acid chains are assembled from 5′ triphosphates of ribonucleosides or deoxyribonucleosides.

What is a ribozyme quizlet?

What is a ribozyme? A) an enzyme that uses RNA as a substrate. B) an RNA with enzymatic activity. C) an enzyme that catalyzes the association between the large and small ribosomal subunits. D) an enzyme that synthesizes RNA as part of the transcription process.

Does a codon extend from one conclusion of a tRNA molecule?

It extends from one end of a tRNA molecule. It is the straight forward unit of the genetic code. It consists of three nucleotides. It in no way codes for a couple of amino acid.

What is initiation translation?

During initiation, the small ribosomal subunit binds to the start of the mRNA sequence. Then a move RNA (tRNA) molecule wearing the amino acid methionine binds to what’s referred to as the beginning codon of the mRNA sequence. In the course of the elongation stage, the ribosome maintains to translate every codon in turn.

What is intended by means of translocation of water?

From Wikipedia, the unfastened encyclopedia. Translocation in vascular flora ability the motion of biological molecules and a few mineral ions. Motion of water from the soil to the leaves occurs in xylem vessels as the result of Transpiration.

Why is translocation significant in plants?

Answer: Translocation in plants occurs through the vascular tissue referred to as phloem. Translocation is necessary due to the fact with out it, the food organized by means of the leaves can’t attain other parts of the plant. In plants, the synthesis of sugars occurs within the leaves by means of the process of photosynthesis.

What is the method of transpiration?

Transpiration is the method of water motion through a plant and its evaporation from aerial parts, including leaves, stems and flowers. Transpiration additionally cools plants, changes osmotic pressure of cells, and allows mass pass of mineral nutrients and water from roots to shoots.

What is translocation in phloem?

Phloem (pronunciation: /ˈflo?. ?m/) is the dwelling tissue in vascular flora that transports the soluble organic compounds made during photosynthesis and known as photosynthates, specially the sugar sucrose, to components of the plant where needed. This transport technique is referred to as translocation.

What is DNA translocation?

In genetics, chromosome translocation is a phenomenon that leads to strange rearrangement of chromosomes. This involves balanced and unbalanced translocation, with two main types: reciprocal-, and Robertsonian translocation. A gene fusion may well be created when the translocation joins two otherwise-separated genes.

What is translocation in protein synthesis?

Protein synthesis on ribosomes, that is, the interpretation of the nucleotide sequence of mRNA into the amino acid sequence of proteins, is a cyclic process. In every circular of elongation, two tRNA molecules including the mRNA flow in the course of the ribosome in a multistep approach called translocation.